Learn About The Percussion Family

Music and musical instruments have vast kinds of genres, instruments, melodies, and more. And we all are surely not familiar with everything. So, to explore more about the music, here will go in the detailed guide about the percussion family in music.

Many cultures have used percussion Instruments all over the world for a variety of purposes, such as in war, ceremonies, celebrations, and as a means of communication. The marching band is often considered just the brass section, but the percussion section also plays an important role.

Percussion instruments play an essential role in an orchestra by keeping the rhythm and providing special sound effects that excite the music. Percussion instruments are either tuned or untuned, with each sounding a different note. For example, a xylophone is tuned, whereas a bass drum is not. Because they often play multiple instruments in one piece of music, percussionists have to be versatile musicians.

Before learning about any of these instruments, it is important to know about them. Here we will guide you about the list of percussion instruments.

List of Percussion Family Instruments

Drums are an integral part of nearly every genre of music, with countless varieties used in cultures all around the world.

There are two types of categories in the percussion instruments list, one is Membranophone Percussion Instruments and the second is Idiophone Percussion Instruments.

Membranophone Instruments

  • Congas
  • Bongos
  • Timbales
  • Mridangam
  • Tabla
  • Djembe
  • Talking Drum
  • Ngoma
  • Orchestral Bass Drum
  • Tenor Drum
  • Side Drum
  • Bodhran
  •  Timpani
  • Kick Drum
  • Snare Drum
  • Floor Tom
  • Rack Toms
  • Tambourine
  • Surdo

List of Idiophone Percussion Instruments

Idiophones are percussion instruments that create sound through vibrations. When a musician strikes an idiophone, the entire Instrument vibrates to produce a sound. There are many different types of idiophones used in music from all around the world, some of which include:

Percussion Instruments

  • Cymbals
  • Crotales
  • Claves
  • Temple of Block
  • Agogo
  • Headless
  • Slit Drum
  • Udu
  • Cajon
  • Gong
  • Maracas
  • Castanets
  • Guiro
  • Shekere
  • Tubular Bells
  • Mbira
  • Cabasa
  • Xylophone
  • Marimba
  • Vibraphone
  • Glockenspiel
  • Steel Drum
  • Cowbell

Now, as we are well aware of the different categories in the Percussion family in the instruments. Will have a detailed look into the major instruments of the Percussion family. Also, if you want to learn these instruments, then you can rent Percussion instruments with InstruShare.


Timpani looks like large polished bowls or upside-down teakettles, which is why they are also referred to as kettledrums. They are made of copper with drumheads made of calfskin or plastic stretched over the top.

Timpani is a tuned instrument, which means they can play different notes. The timpanist changes the pitch by stretching or loosening the drumheads attached to a foot pedal.

Timpani plays a central role in the percussion family because they support rhythm, melody, and harmony.

Most orchestras have four timpani drums of varying sizes that are tuned to different pitches, and a single musician typically plays them.

The musician strikes the drumheads with mallets or sticks with felt tips to produce sound.

Due to the need to change the pitches of the timpani during a performance, the person playing them must have an excellent ear.

If you want to try musical instrument rental in Australia, contact Instrushare for unique musical Instruments.


A wide variety of cymbals are available, each with its unique size and shape.

Drum kit cymbals typically include a hi-hat, ride cymbal, crash cymbal, and splash cymbal, while orchestral and marching band crash cymbals are usually played in pairs.

Finger cymbals, as the name suggests, are small enough to be worn on the player's fingers.

Two types of cymbals are used to create different sounds - clash cymbals and suspended cymbals.

Clash cymbals are two cymbals banged together to create a loud, sharp sound. These cymbals are often used at the peak of a section of music, but they can also be used more delicately to add soft sizzles which float across the orchestra.

A suspended cymbal is a singular cymbal mounted on a stand. In an orchestra, you often use these cymbals for cymbal rolls.

You also find the suspended cymbal on a drum kit in every genre of music, from rock to jazz to hip-hop. The varying sizes and thicknesses make these cymbals versatile.

The Triangle is a metal rod bent into a triangle shape and usually made from steel, but it can also be found in bronze and other metals.

One corner of the Triangle is not joined, which allows the Triangle to produce pleasing overtone sounds without a definite pitch. It's important to note that despite popular belief, this percussion instrument is not necessarily easier to play than others!

The Triangle can be played in many ways, using your thumb, finger, fist, or knee. It can be quite a flashy and theatrical from percussion instrument list.

Snare Drums

The snare drum is a small to medium-sized drum made of wood or brass. It has two drumheads - one at each end of a hollow cylinder - that are typically made of calfskin or plastic.

The snare drum gets its signature "rattling" sound from the wire-wrapped strings that are stretched across the bottom head (the snare), and a small switch on the side of the drum allows the player to turn the snare on or off as needed.

The snare drum is an untuned drum, so it doesn't produce distinct pitches. It's often used in military music and is a key part of any marching band.

Snare drums are used to create distinctive sounds like drumrolls and maintain the rhythm. Drumsticks, mallets, or brushes are used to strike the top of the snare drum to make it sound.

With Instrushare, you can rent this Percussion Instrument easily and learn fantastic Instruments.

Bass Drum

The bass drum is the major constituent of the percussion family and produces the lowest sounds, along with the double bass.

The bass drum is an untuned instrument that is constructed like a sizable snare drum but without the snare.

By striking either drumhead with large, soft sticks that are frequently wrapped in felt or sheepskin, you can play the bass drum.

It can produce a wide range of sounds, including gentle whispers and rumbling thunder.

The bass drum, which is the largest in the orchestra, has its own frame due to its size. Two heads on the bass drum are placed by tension rods fastened to the shell.

The bass drum can be used for loud and softer passages where you can hear the vibrations of the drumsticks being pounded.


Although the xylophone's Greek name translates to "wood sound," its origins are in Africa and Asia. Using a mallet, the player strikes the wooden bars or keys on the modern xylophone, which are organized like piano keys.

You may alter the pitch's quality by using different mallets—hard or soft—and striking the wooden bars in various ways.

The sound vibrates through metal tubes called resonators that are fastened to the underside of the hardwood bars. This is what produces the xylophone's loud, bell-like sound.

The list of percussion instruments includes numerous more instruments that are comparable to the xylophone.

They include the vibraphone, with both metal bars and metal repeaters with small rotating disks inside,   

The marimba is a bigger version of a xylophone with plastic or wood repeaters attached to the bottom of the wooden notes, which give it a softer, more rounded tone.

An electric motor rotates a rod with the disks attached to it. Vibrato, or a wavy pitch, is produced by the disks when you play a prolonged note on the vibes while the motor is running.

Additionally, percussionists frequently use the glockenspiel, a tiny xylophone with steel bars in place of wood.


If you did, you'd be right to associate the word castanet with flamenco. This is their original setting, which is frequently played in time by the dancer.

Handheld wooden idiophones called castanets are sold in pairs. The moment the player snaps two of them together, they click.

In addition to how they are played in the video, mounting castanets allows you to play them with your hands, mallets, or even another pair of castanets if you want a really loud sound.

You hold them between your fingertips and click the two pieces of wood together to play them. Castanets are occasionally fixed on a piece of wood and used by the percussionist in the orchestra to play them by striking them with his or her hands.

The castanets are typically linked to a handle and struck against a surface, typically your leg, in an orchestra percussion section.

Now, we have learned about Percussion Instruments, which are known to be Percussion Family, and how you can rent Percussion Instruments in Australia

To Sum Up

If you are passionate about learning any Instrument from the Percussion family, then go for it. Instead of buying, the musical instrument, rent it with InstruShare and save money. We will provide you list of percussion instruments of amazing quality at affordable price